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Evidence From Matthew that Moses was Akhenaten
Cecil B. DeMille, in his classic movie, the 10 commandments with Charlton Heston playing Moses made the historical Nefertiti who the wife of the historical Rameses as played by Yul Brennor. In the movie Nefertiti played by Anne Baxter had the hots for Moses but never married him.
The historical Nefertiti, however, did not marry Rameses. She married Akhenaten, the pharaoh who founded the first monotheistic religion.
According to the author and egyptologist Ahmed Osman Akhenaten was in fact the historical Moses. Sir Cedric Hardwick playing "Sethi" in Cecil B. DeMille's "The Ten Commandents" said:
"Let the name of Moses be stricken from every book and tablet, stricken from all pylons and obelisks, stricken from every monument of Egypt. Let the name of Moses be unheard and unspoken, erased from the memory of men for all time."
But the name that was stricken from all Egyptian temples was not the name of Moses but the of name Akhenaten.
There are many other curious facts which point to Akhenaten as being the Moses of the bible
But one unlikely source which archaeologists may have overlooked is the genealogy of the Patriarchs in the Book of Matthew.
If we take the reign of Solomon to have begun in the year 972 BC then we can figure out what a generation would be in the genealogy of Jesus in the Book of Matthew. From our knowledge that the birth of Christ occured during a conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in the year 7 BC we can determine that a Patriarchal generation is about 37.113 years.
Based on the Books of Ruth and Exodus we know that Hezron (Esrom in Matthew's genealogy) would have been a contemporary of Moses. He lived circa 1306 BC placing the Exodus about 30 years after the end of the reign of Akhenaton.
The time of Moses marked the liberation of the "Hebrews" from the bondage of Egypt. In terms of archaeology the most logical candidate for the "Hebrews" of the Bible would be the Hyksos who were Canaanites who had conquered Egypt and ruled it for 100 years before they were overthrown by an Egyptian revolt.
These Canaanites most certainly would have been enslaved after their kingdom in Egypt was overthrown circa 1540 BC.
Their kingdom may have reached from the Nile to the Euphrates for after the Egypt overthrew the Hyksos its empire did reach form the Nile to the Euphrates. Here is what the Egyptian Empire looked like in those days:
Makes one wonder if the Exodus was more a matter of Egypt leaving the Hebrews than the Hebrews leaving Egypt doesn't it?
Matthew's timeline places Abraham in the year 1492 BC - at the very height of the Egyptian Empire under Thutmoses I (1493-1482) when it reached as far north as the Euphrates River! So did Israel go "down into Egypt" or did Egypt come up to Israel? if Israel went "down into Egypt" he would not have had to walk very far to get there. It was only a few miles from Damascus to Egypt in those days.
Another thing that we can glean from Matthew's genealogy is that it is impossible for anyone to claim a god given right to own the territory which has become associated with the ancient kingdom of Israel. Simple Mendelian genetics tells just this.
For each generation from the time of Abraham would loose 1/2 of Abraham's chromosomes. That is Abraham's chromosomes would be diluted by half each generation. So by the time of Esrom or the 5th generation onwards only the male line could be certain of inheriting at least one chromosome from Israel - his Y chromosome. You can not inherit Israel's Y chromosome form your mother.
With the mass conversion of Khazars, Berbers, and Arabs to Judaism during the middle ages together with the switching from a patrilineal descent system to a matrilineal descent system in quote determining who is a Jew unquote following the rape of Judea by Roman in 70 AD suggests the "seed of Abraham", if it ever existed, must have been totally wiped out by now. The only Jews to still practice a patrilineal descent system are the Cohens and DNA studies show that they have Italian Y chromosomes.
Ahmed Osman's Chronology of the Kings
In his book "Moses and Akhenaten", Ahmed Osman makes Hormeheb the "Pharaoh of the obression", Akhenaten the Moses of the bible, and Rameses I the Pharaoh of the Exodus. According to his timeline the Exodus occured circa 1334 BC when Akhenaten was around 60 years of age.
Matthews timeline as given above would make Akhenaten 80 years old at the time of the Exodus circa 1306 BC.
This agrees with the more traditional view that Rameses II was the Pharaoh of the Exodus but would make Moses/Akhenaten 120 years old after wondering in the wilderness for 40 years. This difficulty can be overcome by assuming that Solomon's reign began around 28 years after he was "begot" or assuming that the 40 year figure has some sort of symbolic significance.
Osman considers the Talmud and Koran to be reliable sources yet he asserts that Solomon of the Old Testament is a mythical figure patterned after an Egyptian pharaoh. Matthew's timeline upon which the birth Solomon depends suggests otherwise.
Solomon may not have ruled from the "Nile to the Euphrates" but he may have been a real historical king of Palestine who ruled over a short lived small kingdom between the rise and fall of the various empires which swept over the region after Egypt began its decline.
And just who was the "Pharaoh of the Obression" if, as Osman states, the city which the enslaved Israelites supposedly built is the same as the capital of the Hyksos capital - Avaris?
"There is now general agreement among scholars that Pi-Ramses was situated on the site of the former Hyksos capital, Avaris, and that it was the same city as Raamses, the city built by the Israelites' harsh labour, and Rameses, named in the Old Testament as the starting point of the Exodus."
I doubt that there is agreement the among scholars who believe that Moses is a mythical figure that "the Israelites" built the "city as Raamses" which Osman identifies as Avaris. There is no evidence that Moses and his Israelites ever exited unless you consider the possibility that Moses was the rebel King Akhenaten and his followers were the enslaved descendants of the Hyksos who built the Hyksos capital at Avaris.
Osman believes that Joseph, the son of the patriarch Jacob, was Yuya - the vizier of Tuthmosis IV (1413-1405). But Matthew's timeline places the birth of Judas (circa 1380), Joseph's brother - the one who came up with the idea of selling him to the Egyptians - during the reign Amenhotep III (1405-1367). As Joseph was Israel's youngest son he would have been born even later than Judas.
The most fascinating part of Osman's book is the evidence which he presents that Akhenaten was not buried in his tomb. Osman suggests that his protector Aye advised him to abdicate in favor of his son Tutankhamun and flee the country. This was due to the unpopularity of his beliefs and to the opposition of the powerful priesthood whose religion Akhenaten had destroyed.
Did Akhenaten flee to the Sinai come back and challenge the reigning pharaoh on behalf of his followers? If so, did his religious ideas change after years in the desert? Was his switch to monotheism merely a reaction to the priests who considered him to an illegitimate heir to the thrown or did Akhenaten have some kind of religious experience connected to the sun: Such as in the Miracle of the Sun at Fatima?